Abraham Initiatives is publishing the results of its Personal Security Survey of Palestinian Citizens of Israel in Mixed Cities for 2020. The survey results show that in mixed cities, Palestinian citizens of Israel sense considerably less personal security than in Arab cities.
The report is the result of the understanding that while Palestinian citizens of Israel as a whole suffer from a harsh reality of increasing incidents of violence and crime in recent years, those of them living in mixed cities suffer from excessive representation in cases of violence in comparison to the Palestinian citizens of Israel as a whole – a matter not allotted adequate space on the public agenda.
A figure that illustrates the necessity of dealing with the phenomenon of violence and crime among Palestinian citizens of Israel in the mixed cities is the number of victims of killings and murder in this population group in recent years: In 2018, there were 19 Palestinian citizens of Israel, residents of mixed cities, who were killed under violent circumstances, out of a total of 71 Palestinian citizens of Israel killed in the same year (close to 27% of all Palestinian citizens of Israel killed). In 2019, the number increased to 21 (24% of 89 Palestinian citizens of Israel killed that year). In 2020, the number of Palestinian citizens of Israel living in mixed cities who were killed was 21 (22%, out of the total of 96 for the year), despite the fact that only 10% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel live in mixed cities.
The survey was conducted in November-December 2020, based on a sampling of six mixed cities (Haifa, Acco, Lod, Ramla, Tel Aviv-Jaffa, and Ma’alot-Tarshiha), and included 304 Palestinian citizens of Israel who were interviewed in person, in the Arabic language, in their homes. Dr. Nohad Ali, the academic advisor for Abraham Initiatives’ Safe Communities Initiative, and Head of the Arabs-Jews-State Project at the Samuel Neaman Institute, Technion, led the work on the survey. In addition, a comparative study of the Jewish citizens in mixed cities was conducted, including 125 respondents who answered a phone and online questionnaire. The Miskar Survey Institute for Survey and Research Services conducted, managed, and coordinated the survey among Jewish citizens.
A glance at the data: (click here to download the full report in PDF format)
* 60.8% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel in mixed cities felt a lack of personal security in the cities where they live in 2020, as opposed to 27.5% of the Jewish citizens surveyed in mixed cities who felt that way.
* The rate of residents of mixed cities who report an absence of personal security is higher than the rate of those surveyed for the country-at-large (37.2% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel and 10.6% of the Jews throughout the country).
* 82.9% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel residing in mixed cities were worried by violence and crime, more than the total number of Palestinian citizens of Israel (75.8% of whom were worried by the violence, and 74% were worried by crime).
* The phenomenon of greatest concern in the mixed cities (among the specific phenomena of violence and crime) in 2020 was shooting and use of firearms, which worries 83.8% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel in the mixed cities). Of those surveyed in the mixed cities, 80.6% were worried or very worried by property offenses (as opposed to 63.7% of all Palestinian citizens of Israel) and 79.9% reported they were worried about violence against women (in comparison to 65.8% in the national population of Palestinian citizens). The crime protection money phenomenon worries the Palestinian citizens of Israel residing in mixed cities less than other cases of violence and crime (63.6% are worried), yet one can see that with regard to all of the phenomena, the rate of Palestinian citizens of Israel in mixed cities who are worried is higher than the numbers of worried Palestinian citizens of Israel as a whole.
* 95.4% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel in mixed cities agree or are inclined to agree that “it’s easy to get firearms in Israel,” as opposed to 52.5% of the Jewish citizens living in those cities.
Palestinian citizens of Israel in mixed cities feel more vulnerable than Jewish citizens:
* Fear of property offenses – 79.9% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel responding, said they fear or greatly fear being injured by property offenses. For the sake of comparison, only 16.6% of the Jewish citizens responding reported such a concern.
* Fear of violent offenses – a concern of 73.9% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel who responded, as opposed to 24.2% of the Jewish citizens responding.
* Fear of hate crimes – 65.1% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel in mixed cities feared injury from hate crimes in 2020. For the sake of comparison, only 18.4% of the Jewish citizens of mixed citizens feared hate crimes.
* The only phenomenon that the Palestinian citizens of Israel feared more than violence and crime in 2020 was the spread of Covid (84.9% of Palestinian citizens of Israel in mixed cities, as opposed to 45% of the Jewish citizens residing in mixed cities).
* 38.1% of the Palestinian citizens of Israel residing in mixed cities noted that the location where they experience the greatest threat to their sense of personal security is in the city where they reside. 31.4% noted that the place where they feel most threatened is the street. This is in contrast to the Palestinian citizens of Israel at-large, in which 25.3% of the citizens feel threatened in the community where they reside, and 17.4% experience a lack of personal security on the street.